How to Cite This Work

This work and the Design Signatures website are intended to be used by designers, learners, and educators. If you feel that citing the work is appropriate in your specific use case we suggest the following.

Design Signatures Website

Atman, C.J., Barar, G., Flores, Y., Zhang, E., 2022, September. Design Signatures ([Date Accessed]).

Design Signatures App

Atman, C.J, Yoon-Buck, J., Anem, S. R., Barar, G., Jordan, K., Sweem, R., Washington, M. N. ([Date Accessed]). Design Signatures App ([Version]) [Mobile app].

Design Expertise Research

Atman, C. (2019) Design Timelines: Concrete & Sticky Representations of Design Process Expertise. Design Studies, Volume 65, November 2019, pages 125-151. 

Atman, C.J., Adams, R. S., Cardella, M. E., Turns, J., Mosborg, S., and Saleem, J. J. (2007). “Engineering Design Processes: A Comparison of Students and Expert Practitioners.”Journal of Engineering Education, 96(4), 359-379.